Szijjarto: Hungary rejects pressure on matters of energy supplies
Szijjarto told a panel discussion at the 6th Romanian International Gas Conference that Hungary saw energy supply as a “physical reality” and rejected all approaches introducing a political or ideological context.
The purchase of natural gas is determined “100 percent” on infrastructure rather than political declarations, he said.
“The issue of energy supplies is over-politicised and over-ideologised in Europe,” which often harms member states’ sovereign right to set up their own energy mix, he said.
Banning any energy resources from Europe is “dangerous and irrational”, he added.
Returning to a rational approach would be the bloc’s only chance to handle the crisis successfully, he said. The EU should “not try to override physics, should restore the right of sovereign member states’ to compose their own national energy mix and we should not ban any sources from the continent.”
Meanwhile, Hungary is under constant pressure to speed up energy diversification. The Hungarian government sees diversification as a process of involving new suppliers rather than replacing one reliable supplier with another, he said.
“The biggest obstacle [to diversification] is Brussels and some member states,” he said.
Hungary’s primary new sources to large quantities of natural gas would be Azerbaijan, Qatar and Turkiye, but the south-eastern European infrastructure in inadequate for such deliveries, he said. The European Commission has rejected to fund a capacity upgrade in the relevant countries, saying natural gas would be phased out in the coming 15 years.
“First of all, who knows what’s gonna happen in 15 years? Second, even if gas is not going to be part of the national energy mix in 15 years, what’s going to happen in the coming 14?”
Hungary is committed to continuing cooperation with other countries in the region in boosting the capacity of interconnectors and pipelines, he said.
Politicising gas purchases poses a risk to energy security, Szijjarto warned.
Szijjarto also condemned Bulgaria’s decision to raise transit fees on Russian gas, saying the move posed a risk to energy safety in Hungary and Serbia, which receive a large portion of their supplies via the TurkStream pipeline.
Bulgaria should take seriously the principle of solidarity, “cited so often in European debate”, Szijjarto said. “No European member state should risk the energy security of another,” he added.
As a landlocked country without significant hydrocarbons, Hungary is relying heavily on resource and transit countries, he said.
In recent years, it has linked its energy network with six of its seven neighbours, but a stable gas supply remains “unimaginable” without Russian sources, he said. “If we sever ourselves from Russian deliveries, we won’t be able to ensure full supplies.”
Hungary’s domestic gas production comes to 1.5 billion cubic metres a year, and the country needs to supplement that with importing another 8.5 billion cubic metres, he said. Infrastructure developments in Hungary only will not help if the neighbouring countries’ outgoing capacity remains limited, he added. Romania is “exemplary” in that regard, as its outgoing capacity matches the incoming one, the foreign minister said.