This is a big victory for Hungary, think-tank says
Hungary reaches agreement with Brussels on recovery funding
Navracsics said he trusted that the partnership agreements on the recovery fund and the operative programmes would be signed within days.
Monday’s decision means that Hungary, like other member states, would be able to access EU resources. Under the arrangements of the RRF, access to some 5.8 billion euros will be available to Hungary, he said, while by the end of 2027, some 14,000 billion forints can be accessed, including for operative programmes with Hungarian co-financing.
Some 48 percent of the monies involved in the RRF will be spent on programmes that help achieve climate and energy policy goals, while 30 percent will enable the development of digital infrastructure and public services and supporting companies’ digital transition, he said.
Concerning the monies available under the arrangements of the operative programmes, more than 4,000 billion forints have already been approved by the EC for agricultural and rural development so 9,000-10,000 billion forints will be left for other areas, depending on the exchange rate, he added.
Hungary maintained an open strategy at the talks, he said, adding that the government had given serious consideration to all requests and concerns coming from the Commission, and it was open to compromise if a good solution was offered. Accordingly, an agreement was reached with the EC concerning the rule-of-law procedure by September, allowing the sides to focus on the talks concerning the two large funds, and this brought about results by late November, he said.
At the end of November, the EC said that it considered Hungary’s national recovery plan “excellent” and saw no further concerns regarding the cohesion funds, either, he added.
The current development demonstrates the Council’s recognition of the efforts made so far, he said.
In response to a question, he said the last stage in the schedule of implementation was at the end of March and then the package of laws will have to be approved by Hungarian parliament. The EC said that if the end-of-March deadline is sustainable, then the freezing of funds can be lifted in April or May, he added.
He said he trusted that there would be no further demands by the EU. Continual dialogue has been maintained with the EC, and the milestones currently achieved demonstrated that Hungary’s efforts had been recognised, he said. The government will make an effort to clarify any possible problems raised during the talks with a view to preventing the need to raise any further demands, he added.
Navracsics said there was no date set as yet for the signing of the partnership agreement. Monday’s deal had to be reached first and now within a few days, the date of signing the agreement will be announced, he added. The plan is to announce 25 new tender invitations by the end of March, he said.
Commenting on the loan part involved in the recovery fund, he said there were six months left to decide whether a loan would be taken out or not. The government will make its decision depending on the economic environment at the time, he added.
Commenting on the milestones set for Hungary during the EU talks, he said Hungary had a good chance of showing an example to other member states how to “handle an ideologically driven campaign of hysteria” by means of substantive measures, and how to make further steps in the areas of public procurements and the whitening of the economy.
The future and legitimacy of the rule of law procedure will depend on how it can be kept at a distance from current politics and party politics, he said. The problem is not that the EU wants to protect its budgetary and financial interests, but the mixing of political considerations with legal ones, he said.
Gergely Gulyas, the prime minister’s chief of staff, said the series of talks had resulted in a victory for the European Union; and “we are also a member of the European Union”. Maintaining European unity is especially important in the current situation, he said.
Gulyas also said that anti-corruption measures did not harm Hungary, and the situation concerning corruption was not worse in the country than in western Europe or countries that joined the EU more recently.
Navracsics said that the fact that Hungary will adopt the global minimum tax does not mean that taxes will increase. As part of a deal with Brussels, an existing business tax would be seen as part of the general tax burden, so in Hungary’s case the corporate tax would not have to increase. Gulyas added: the European Council put it in writing that the adoption of the global minimum tax would not force Hungary to raise taxes in addition to the current tax system, and the business tax could be incorporated.
Navracsics said the government had relaxed its previous objections to the global minimum tax when it became clear that the tax, which would have been harmful to Hungary in terms of increasing the tax burden and denting its competitiveness, would not result in a tax increase in the country.
The global minimum tax in Hungary will affect several large companies which will have an additional tax payment obligation, but the system is being cleverly structured, Gulyas said.
Meanwhile, on the subject of the EU loan to Ukraine, Gulyas said Hungary’s standpoint was that there should be no further joint borrowing, “and we succeeded in finding a solution which doesn’t oblige us to borrow further”. Hungary wanted Ukraine to have bilateral arrangements, but Ukraine preferred the simplicity of getting the funding all in one go, he said, adding that the EU found a satisfactory solution by setting aside 18 billion euros of support within the EU budget.
Regarding dissatisfaction in the teaching profession, Gulyas said that as soon as EU funds are unlocked, the government will be able to increase the salaries of teachers. If operational funding is released on Jan. 1, then a pay increase will be implemented immediately, but this depended on whether the Commission would demand additional conditions.
He added: “However large the European Parliament’s corruption scandal is, the Commission is afraid” of the EP, even though it was clear that the left wing in the EP had come under serious external influence and was embroiled in corruption scandal.
Asked about funding originating in the US to support independent media and civil organisations in central Europe, Gulyas said sovereignty must be respected, and the government of another democratic country and the question of who sits in its parliament should not be determined in Washington, Berlin or Moscow.
Asked about Hungary’s ratification of Finland and Sweden’s NATO membership, Gulyas said that on Feb. 20, the first day of parliament’s spring session, the chamber will consider the question as part of its normal schedule, and the government would not be able to address it by decree using its emergency powers.
Think-tank: Hungary ‘has won major battle’ in Brussels
Hungary has won “a major battle” in Brussels, securing access to the whole tranche of the country’s EU recovery monies and unsuspended parts of its cohesion funding, according to a Centre for Fundamental Rights political analyst.
Hungary will have the opportunity to access the rest of cohesion funds at a later point, Levente Szikra told public broadcaster M1 on Tuesday, adding that the deal meant more battles lay ahead.
Still, market confidence in Hungary is likely to improve, he added.
The analyst said Hungary had fulfilled all its commitments in connection with the suspended funds and represented its interests in Brussels “very effectively”, though European Parliament pressure meant the government had not reached its aims entirely.
Opposition on decision to approve Hungarian recovery plan
Hungarian opposition parties on Tuesday reacted to the proposal by EU member state ambassadors on approving Hungary’s recovery plan, which is expected to result in EU leaders unblocking of the country’s recovery funds.
The Democratic Coalition insisted Prime Minister Viktor Orbán had been dealt a big blow in Europe, having “failed” to immediately secure recovery funds, while a large portion of cohesion money had also been frozen despite Orbán having “caved” on the issue of the EU loan to Ukraine and the global minimum tax.
Momentum said Orbán bore sole responsibility for Hungary receiving less money from the EU, adding that more than 4,800 billion forints (EUR 11.7bn) in EU funding still hung in the balance.
The Socialists said the risk that a large portion of catch-up funds would be withdrawn was ever present, and Orbán had merely secured a reprieve and must show the government can comply with European norms. The budget, it added, would now have access to enough funding to stave off “an even bigger crisis”.
Jobbik said the government had “backed down” on EU support for Ukraine and the global minimum tax, and yet its single biggest duty to secure the funding to help Hungarian citizens had not been fulfilled.
LMP said the decision of EU ambassadors was good for large European companies, given that Hungary has been exempted from applying the global minimum tax. “Hungary can remain a tax haven,” it added.
Ruling Fidesz said in reaction that the left was “working obsessively against Hungary”. In a statement, the party said the left had been doing “everything they could” to get Hungary to lose the EU funds it was entitled to. “But they failed,” Fidesz said, adding that the approval of Hungary’s recovery plan and operative programmes meant that “after half a year of political stalling”, Brussels had admitted that Hungary was entitled to those funds.
Karacsony welcomes agreement concerning EU funds
“We are glad that the European Union and the government have reached an agreement,” Budapest Mayor Gergely Karacsony told a press conference on Tuesday in reaction to news that Hungary’s EU recovery funding is likely to be unblocked.
The government is “now obliged” to meet the community’s requirements before the funds can actually be accessed, the mayor added.
Karacsony said he was glad that Hungary would receive grants from the recovery fund, and urged the government that it should use the mechanism’s loan component, too. Money borrowed under the mechanism could be used in full to rebuild the country’s energy system, he added.
Karacsony, who is co-leader of the Association of Hungarian Municipalities (MOSZ), said the funds should also go to local councils, adding that “reducing Hungary’s dependence on Russian gas and completing a green transition could hardly be possible without changing municipal energy provision”.
Answering a question, Karacsony said “ideally” the recovery funds should be divided up equally between central investment projects, private investment projects, and municipal services.
Ujhelyi: EU protecting Hungarians’ interests against government
The European Commission has demonstrated that it can act in cooperation with EU member states against the government of a country to protect the interests of that country’s citizens from their government, opposition Socialist MEP Istvan Ujhelyi said on Tuesday.
Ujhelyi told an online press conference in Strasbourg that “notwithstanding the best efforts of the [Hungarian] propaganda machine, it is hard to present Prime Minister Viktor Orbán’s retreat as a triumph when he has also been issued with an official document showing that [his government] violated the rule of law and abused EU resources.”
It is the first time in EU history that it is officially stated that a member state government severely violated the rule of law and consequently a part of its EU funding has been frozen, he said.
“If ruling Fidesz does not implement the amendments to scale back its System of National Cooperation (NER) as promised, then Hungary could lose the 8,000 billion forints which is now frozen, including 4,800 billion euros non-refundable support, for good”, he said.
Ujhelyi said that Monday’s meeting also revealed that the Hungarian government had exploited the global minimum tax and support for Ukraine as “a means of blackmail and to thwart cooperation”.