Wage growth slows to 9.7 percent in December
Data for businesses with at least five people on payroll show the average gross monthly wage for full-time employees was 492,800 forints (EUR 1,377), while the average net wage was 327,700 forints.
Calculating with annual inflation of 7.4 percent in December, real wages increased by 2.1 percent.
In January-December last year, average gross and net earnings increased by 8.7 percent compared with 2020.
A ministry of innovation and technology (ITM) official said wages had steadily increased for 108 months straight. Hungarian tax policy is helpful for both employers and employees, Sandor Bodo, the state secretary for employment policy, told public television, adding that the taxes on employment had been steadily decreasing, meaning that firms have more money to pay better wages. On the employee side, he mentioned the exemption on personal income tax for those under-25s.
Analysts told MTI that wage growth was likely to quicken this year, while rising wage costs may force businesses to hike prices, so a possible price-wage spiral may call for tightening fiscal and monetary policy.
Peter Virovacz of ING Bank said the annual increase on gross wages including bonuses had been weaker than expected in December, but this could be connected with companies readying themselves for cost pressures this year.
The price-wage spiral was already apparent in January inflation data, and monetary and fiscal tightening would be required to address it, he said. The average wage is likely to grow by around 15 percent due this year, he added.
Gabor Regos of Szazadveg noted that the private sector had seen lower wage growth than the public sector in previous months, but the two growth rates had leveled out by December. He reckoned that the average wage would grow in double digits, underpinned by a sharp rise in the minimum wage, reduced employment contributions and a tight labour market. But real wage growth would be stifled by strong inflation, he added.